Ontologie : Urbanités

élément : Term_EN_Class

rdf:ID : Artificial_intelligence

rdfs:label : Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it. Major AI textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents," where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success. John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1956, defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines."

The field was founded on the claim that a central property of human beings, intelligence—the sapience of Homo sapiens—can be so precisely described that it can be simulated by a machine. This raises philosophical issues about the nature of the mind and limits of scientific hubris, issues which have been addressed by myth, fiction and philosophy since antiquity. Artificial intelligence has been the subject of breathtaking optimism, has suffered stunning setbacks and, today, has become an essential part of the technology industry, providing the heavy lifting for many of the most difficult problems in computer science.

AI research is highly technical and specialized, so much so that some critics decry the "fragmentation" of the field. Subfields of AI are organized around particular problems, the application of particular tools and around long standing theoretical differences of opinion. The central problems of AI include such traits as reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. General intelligence (or "strong AI") is still a long term goal of (some) research.

image/svg+xml Conception : Henry Boccon-Gibod Terme Anglo-Saxon c Notion du domaine des technologies de l'information c source Wikipedia D http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence voir aussi S Description Logic ATHENS Page 18 - Expressing Rules Web Ontology Language SWRL XML-2-01 Page 19 - logique de description, et retour de l'IA a pour acronyme P AI rdf:type P Notion du domaine des technologies de l'information a pour traduction P Intelligence Artificielle Artificial intelligence