Ontologie : Urbanités

élément : Term_EN_Class

rdf:ID : Ontology

rdfs:label : Ontology

An ontology in computer science and information science is a formal representation of a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts. It is used to reason about the properties of that domain, and may be used to define the domain.

Example of an ontology visualized: the Mason-ontology.

In theory, an ontology is a "formal, explicit specification of a shared conceptualisation". An ontology provides a shared vocabulary, which can be used to model a domain – that is, the type of objects and/or concepts that exist, and their properties and relations.

Ontologies are used in artificial intelligence, the Semantic Web, software engineering, biomedical informatics, library science, and information architecture as a form of knowledge representation about the world or some part of it.

image/svg+xml Conception : Henry Boccon-Gibod Terme Anglo-Saxon c Notion du domaine des technologies de l'information c ≤ 1 URL Fonctionelle D Documents/ontologie.jpg source Wikipedia D http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_(information_science) a pour traduction P Ontologie voir aussi S Namespace Tbox Web Ontology Language Abox rdf:type P Notion du domaine des technologies de l'information Ontology